When the skin is wounded, the charged ions inside and outside the layer flow down through their gradients. The ionic and voltage gradients dissipate around the wound edge until the wound is healed. All 5 cell types involved in wound healing respond to an electrical gradient with faster and more directed cell migration. Multiple scientific articles, studies and meta-studies point to the largely un-tapped potential of electric stimulation in wound healing*. View select articles.

*Reid, The Electrical Response to Injury: Molecular Mechanisms and Wound Healing, Advanced Wound Care, New Rochelle 2014